The Race Between Education And Technology – Part 1
A conversation with Professor Linus Yamane, Pitzer College, Claremont, CA
In this podcast we explore the article - "The Race Between Education and Technology Revisited" by Autor, Goldin, Katz.
The Race Between Education And Technology Revisited
A major impetus for my writing and recording is my interest in personal reinvention. How does one remain relevant in the job market after age 40-50-60?
How does one overcome adversity? Ageism, sexism, racism likely each play a partial role, but can not be leaned on for an explanation of why it is so difficult to reinvigorate a career.
Traditionally, in post-WW2 America, a citizen enters the workforce at 18-25 years of age, with no degree, a two-year, four year or graduate degree, and accumulates savings with the anticipation of retirement at age 65.
For roughly seven decades, until the 2000s, this was core to the “American Dream.”
The American Dream - Something Changed
Something has changed.
I speak with Professor Linus Yamane, of Pitzer College in Claremont, on the accompanying podcast about employment history and trends.
The Professor is an expert in the Japanese and American history of labor economics from a macro or economy-wide perspective.
Professor Yamane explains that somewhere around the year 2000, the dynamic changed. As measured by income, the battle for success became a push and pull among those with college degrees.
Liberal arts degrees are devalued, and STEM degrees gained enormously in value.
The devaluation led to a further stratification in income levels and further widened the income disparity between the haves and have nots.
Education And Technology: What Role Do They Play
The United States stopped producing engineers and scientists at the rate necessary to keep up with technology and to keep pace with our international competitors.
Professor Linus Yamane highlights the 2008 book by Claudia Golden and Lawrence Katz, The Race Between Education and Technology. He refers to the book as "the most significant work on the topic of the last 50 years."
To paraphrase Professor Yamane, the U.S. is educating STEM students at a rate of 20% of the total versus the new world leaders at 30%.
The logical solution is to encourage students to go into STEM programs at a very early age.
He believes that dollars spent on early childhood education are the best use of resources aimed at rectifying the structural under-production of math and science degree holders.
Further Posts And Podcasts
The race between education and technology is a marathon. Education, re-education, training and re-training are necessary for a nation, our nation, to continue to compete and lead as an economic power.
In future writings and podcasts, I will further explore the topic of employment for older demographics from both a macro and micro standpoint.
One very good book that takes a global market approach is: The Changing World Order by Ray Dalio. This work will be discussed in an upcoming podcast.
The Native Angelino Podcast is underwritten and produced in conjunction with the Zero Hour Group, a consulting and strategy firm, parent to 1929, Native Angelino Real Estate, and associated real estate assets.
Native Angelino description found on iTunes:
“From a vantage point within sight of the Hollywood Sign, seated beneath a palm tree, Tom Levine takes you on a twisted, exploratory tour of popular thought, the upside-down theories of classical economics, politics, and other strange things.
Tom talks all things Los Angeles, bright new ideas, and complex topics of interest to creative thinkers and discerning skeptics.
L.A. locals state with pride, You can surf in the morning and ski in the afternoon.
Well, if you get a really early start, it's true. Sometimes.
Los Angeles is the City of the Angels, and Tom Levine is a Native Angelino.